历代年号数据说明

--推研者:[来括日历]开发者吴建辉  

//注1:本数据,公元前2859,记作-2858(负2858)
//注2:古时王世纪年均采用二十四节气太阳历纪年(用于王世纪年与祭祀),周正建子、殷正建丑、夏正建寅,指纪年的起始时间,如:周正建子指周朝一纪年始于子月,即仲冬[子月]为周朝一纪年的起始,民间仍采用阴历,月份数不变,正月仍为阴历正月,十二月仍为阴历十二月,如此,周朝时期,仲冬[子月]乃下一纪年之年头;其实,与现今历法基本相同(官方采用阳历[公历],民间采用阴历[农历]),只是所采用的太阳历不同罢了(现今采用公历,西周采用二十四节气太阳历)。本程序,考虑设计方便,记年未做调整,望见谅!(古时太阳历二十四节气:乃将地球绕太阳一圈黄道进行十二等分得到十二个中气,以冬至为起点分别配以十二地支即冬至配地支子月;十二中气前后15度分别为十二地支月之分界线即十二节气。)
//注3:既死魄(霸):廿四至朔日;哉生魄:初二或初三;旁死魄:初四或初五;既旁死魄:初六或初七;初吉(胐日):初二至初八或初九;既生魄(霸):初十至望日;哉死魄:十六或十七;旁生魄:十八或十九;既旁生魄:二十或廿一;既望:十六至廿二或廿三。隹*年:隹年数不一定就是隹王年数。特殊时期,王世初期,隹*年(隹王*年)==先王纪年。隹王*祀:接近隹王年数,但不一定等于隹王年数,王祀数通常有三种:(1)王年数=王祀数-1 (2)王年数=祀年数(3)王年数=祀年数+常数(即位之后非执政年数)。
//注4:殷周时代农历闰月一般放在年终;本程序,考虑设计方便,未对殷周时代农历闰月置于年终,殷周时代出现农历闰月,则该年闰月后之后农历月份数须加一!
//注5:天文算法,含有时间的幂的公式只有在一定的时间范围内才有效,超出范围公式就不再有效。如“黄帝得宝鼎宛朐,是岁己酉朔旦冬至”日期(公元前2396年1月12日甲子年丙子月己酉日[冬至]),网上很多软件冬至时间误差几天,这就是时间超出范围所致。[来括日历]采用循环避免时间超出范围:365.2563657407407日(恒星年)-365.2421944444444日(回归年)=0.0141712962962963日,1节气=365.2421944444444日/24=15.21842476851852天/节气,15.21842476851852天/0.0141712962962963天=1073.890803658935年;每1073.89年节气在椭圆轨道的相对位置,往后移动了15度即1个节气,真正的循环需要1073.89*24=25773.36年!
//《通鉴外纪》所载:“神农在位一百二十年,或云一百四十年。自神农至榆罔四百二十六年。临魁至榆罔七帝,袭神农氏之号三百年。
//《万姓统谱》炎帝神农氏〈姜姓生于厉山长于姜水因以为姓氏继无怀氏位承太昊木徳以火徳,王故曰炎帝都鲁在位一百四十年〉帝临魁,帝承,帝明,帝直,帝釐〈一名克〉,帝哀,帝榆罔〈已上七代袭神农氏之号三百六年至榆罔失政诸侯相伐黄帝征之天下咸归焉)。
["-2858","炎帝","-2739","0"],//炎帝元年 壬午年(公元前2859年)。宋代刘恕《通鉴外纪》神农氏,姜姓【人身牛首,母曰任已,有蟜氏女,名曰女登,少典之正妃】,长于姜水,以火承,木故为炎帝【元年己巳,或云辛丑壬午】//《黄帝内经》乃问于天师曰:余闻上古之人,春秋皆度百岁,而动作不衰;今时之人,年半百而动作皆衰者。时世异耶?人将失之耶?岐伯对曰:上古之人,其知道者,法于阴阳,和于术数,食饮有节,起居有常,不妄作劳,故能形与神俱,而尽终其天年,度百岁乃去。今时之人不然也,以酒为浆,以妄为常,醉以入房,以欲竭其精,以耗散其真。不知持满,不时御神,务快其心,逆于生乐,起居无节,故半百而衰也。
["-2739","帝临魁","-2679","0"],//帝临魁元年 辛巳年(公元前2740年)。宋代刘恕《通鉴外纪》神农纳(莽)水氏曰听谈,生临魁。帝临魁元年辛巳,在位六十年,或云六十八年。
["-2679","帝承","-2673","0"],//帝承元年 辛巳年(公元前2680年)。宋代刘恕《通鉴外纪》帝承,元年辛巳,在位六年,或云六十年。一本承在临魁先。
["-2673","帝明","-2624","0"],//帝明元年 丁亥年(公元前2674年)。宋代刘恕《通鉴外纪》帝明,元年丁亥,在位四十九年。
["-2624","帝直","-2579","0"],//帝直元年 丙子年(公元前2625年)。宋代刘恕《通鉴外纪》帝直,元年丙子,在位四十五年。直,一作宜。
["-2579","帝釐","-2531","0"],//帝釐元年 辛酉年(公元前2580年)。宋代刘恕《通鉴外纪》帝厘,一曰克,元年辛酉,在位四十八年。厘,一作来。
["-2531","帝哀","-2488","0"],//帝哀元年 己酉年(公元前2532年)。宋代刘恕《通鉴外纪》帝哀,元年己酉,在位四十三年。
["-2488","炎帝榆罔","-2456","0"],//炎帝榆罔元年 壬辰年(公元前2489年)。宋代刘恕《通鉴外纪》帝榆罔,元年壬辰,在位五十五年。

//黄帝,118虚岁(公元前2475年4月16日-公元前2358年10月29日),在位100虚年(公元前2457年-公元前2358年),公元前2457年甲子年即位有熊氏部族首领,公元前2434年丁亥年有天下(阪泉之战结束,黄帝战胜炎帝榆罔),公元前2413年戊申年,涿鹿大战(战蚩尤),公元前2412年己酉年,帝以土德称王天下,号黄帝。公元前2398年1月5日壬戌年壬子月辛卯日调历。公元前2396年1月12日甲子年丙子月己酉日(冬至)黄帝得宝鼎宛朐!--由[来括日历]率先推算
//黄帝诞辰日,《路史》罗苹注:“王冰序《宝椟记》云,黄帝以戊己日生,故以土王。《五行书》云,以戊子日生。”民间传说黄帝出生于二月初二“龙抬头”之时。公元前2475年4月16日,炎帝榆罔一十五年农历 闰二月 初二日(估算)丙午年 辛卯月 戊子日(注:古代各部族使用的日历可能存在差异 ,若不闰月且二月小,则为农历三月初三,这正好印证了黄帝诞辰另一传说“二月二,龙抬头;三月三,生轩辕”,无论农历是闰二月初二还是三月初三,丙午年辛卯月戊子日是变不了的,不影响确定黄帝生日公元前2475年4月16日此结果)
["-2456","黄帝","-2455","0"],//黄帝元年 甲子年(公元前2457年)。黄帝在位一百年(实年99).《竹书纪年》元年,帝即位,居有熊。二十年,景云见,以云纪官。五十年秋七月庚申(公元前2408年7月癸丑年庚申月),凤鸟至,帝祭于洛水。 庚申,天雾,三日三夜,昼昏(公元前2408年9月23日农历八月初六日(估算)癸丑年庚申月庚申日)。五十九年,贯胸氏来宾,长股氏来宾。 七十七年,昌意降居弱水,产帝乾荒。一百年,地裂。 帝陟。
["-2455","炎帝榆罔","-2433","33"],
["-2433","黄帝","-2412","23"],//黄帝二十四年。黄帝有天下元年。《资治通鉴外纪》黄帝元年丁亥。《历代佛祖通载》黄帝元年是丁亥年;
["-2412","涿鹿大战(战蚩尤),黄帝","-2411","44"],//《轩辕本纪》黄帝有天下之二十有二年,忽有蚩尤氏不恭帝命,诸侯中强暴者也。兄弟八十人,并兽身人语,铜头铁额,不食五谷,啖沙蚕石蚩尤始作铠甲兜牟,时人不识,谓是铜头铁额。不用帝命,作五虐之刑,以害黎庶。于葛卢山发金作冶,制为铠甲及剑,造立兵仗刀戟大弩等,威震天下,不顺帝命。帝欲伐之,征诸侯,一十五旬未克敌。
//公元前2412年黄帝四十六年 己酉年.《云笈七签》载: 帝以罚叛之功,诸侯咸尊轩辕为天子。帝以己酉岁立,承神农之后,火生土,帝以土德称王天下,号黄帝。
["-2411","黄帝","-2357","45"],//《史记?索隐》记载:“《世本》及《律历志》:黄帝使羲和占日,常仪占月,臾区占星气,伶伦造律吕,大挠作甲子,隶首作算数;容成综此六术,而著《调历》。”又称:“唯黄帝及殷﹑周﹑鲁并建子为正”。而《后汉书》记载:“黄帝造历,元起辛卯。” 说明,黄帝《调历》始于某年子月的朔日,其日干支为辛卯。(公元前2398年1月5日,黄帝五十九年 农历 十月 三十日(估算,月小则为初一) 壬戌年 壬子月 辛卯日)。《史记》等史书记载:“黄帝得宝鼎宛朐,问于鬼臾区。区对曰:‘帝得宝鼎神策,是岁己酉朔旦冬至,得天之纪,终而复始。’于是黄帝迎日推策,后率二十岁得朔旦冬至,凡二十推,三百八十年,黄帝仙登于天。”这就是说,该年的冬至日同时也是朔日,其日干支为己酉。(公元前2396年1月12日 黄帝六十一年 农历 十一月 三十日(估算,月小则为初一) 甲子年 丙子月 己酉日 冬至)。
//黄帝崩日,《路史》记载:黄帝“八月既望,鼎成死焉”,该书罗苹注“。《五行书》帝以甲戍日崩,一云戊午”。《广黄帝本行记》载:黄帝闻之,自择以戊午日升天。这说明黄帝辞世于“八月既望”,日干支为甲戍或戊午。既望:十六至廿二或廿三日。(公元前2358年10月29日帝颛顼元年 农历 八月 廿三日(估算)癸卯年 辛酉月 戊午日)。
//帝挚少昊氏,不居帝位.《竹书纪年》帝挚少昊氏 约案:帝挚少昊氏(《左氏·昭十七年传》:“我高祖少皞挚之立也。”),母曰女节,见星如虹,下流华渚,既而梦接意感,生少昊。登帝位,有凤凰之瑞。或曰名清,不居帝位,帅鸟师,居西方,以鸟纪官。
["-2357","帝颛顼","-2277","0"],//帝颛顼元年 癸卯年(公元前2358年)。帝颛顼在位七十八年(实年77),三年丧礼.《竹书纪年》帝颛顼高阳氏 母曰女枢,见瑶光之星,贯月如虹,感己于幽房之宫,生颛顼于若水。首戴干戈,有圣德。生十年而佐少昊氏,二十而登帝位。 元年,帝即位,居濮。 十三年,初作历象。 二十一年,作承云之乐。 三十年,帝产伯鲧,居天穆之阳。 七十八年,帝陟。 术器作乱,辛侯灭之。 
["-2277","帝喾","-2212","0"],//帝喾元年 癸亥年(公元前2278年)。帝喾在位六十三年(实年62),三年丧礼。《竹书纪年》帝喾高辛氏 生而骈齿,有圣德,初封辛侯,代高阳氏王天下。使瞽人拊鞞鼓,击钟磬,凤皇鼓翼而舞。 元年,帝即位,居亳。 十六年,帝使重帅师灭有郐。 四十五年,帝锡唐侯命。 六十三年,帝陟。
["-2212","帝挚","-2204","0"],//帝挚元年 戊辰年(公元前2213年)。帝挚在位的九年(实年为8)。《竹书纪年》帝子挚立,九年而废。
["-2204","帝尧","-2101","0"],//帝尧元年 丙子年(公元前2205年)。《竹书纪年》帝尧陶唐氏,元年丙子,帝即位,居冀。一百年,帝陟于陶。
["-2101","帝舜","-2051","0"],//帝舜元年 己未年(公元前2102年)。《竹书纪年》帝舜有虞氏,元年己未,帝即位,居冀。十四年,卿云见,命禹代虞事。在位十有四年。(注意:年号仍按帝舜)十五年,帝命夏后有事于太室。 十七年春二月,入学初用万。 二十五年,息慎氏来朝,贡弓矢。 四十九年,帝居于鸣条。 五十年,帝陟。

//《竹书纪年》:“自禹至桀十七世,有王与无王,用岁四百七十一年(始壬子,终壬戌)。若从帝舜十四年命禹代虞事到夏桀,则夏朝共计471年(公元前2089年到公元前1619年),若从夏禹元年到夏桀,则夏朝共计431年(公元前2049年到公元前1619年)。 夏商周断代工程夏朝起始时间公元前2070年,正好是禹代虞事与夏禹元年之中间值!
["-2051","夏禹代政","-2048","37"],
["-2048","夏禹","-2037","0"],//夏禹元年 壬子年(公元前2049年)。《竹书纪年》元年壬子,帝即位,居冀。颁夏时于邦国。
["-2037","帝启","-2017","0"],//帝启元年 癸亥年(公元前2038年)。《竹书纪年》元年癸亥,帝即位于夏邑,大饗諸侯于鈞臺。諸侯從帝,歸于冀都,大饗諸侯于璿臺。十六年,陟。
["-2017","太康","-2011","0"],//太康元年 癸未年(公元前2018年)。《竹书纪年》元年癸未,帝即位,居斟鄩,畋于洛表,羿入居斟鄩。四年,陟。
["-2011","仲康","-2002","0"],//仲康元年 己丑年(公元前2012年)。《竹书纪年》元帝仲康 元年己丑,帝即位,居斟寻。五年秋九月庚戌朔,日有食之。命胤侯帅师征羲和。六年,锡昆吾,命作伯。七年,陟。公元前2008年11月12日估算农历9月初九日癸巳年壬戌月庚戌日,公元前2008年11月4日估算农历9月初一日癸巳年壬戌月壬寅日日食(https://nadc.china-vo.org/eclipse/可查询)
//考究:公元前2128年10月13日农历九月初一日(估算)癸巳年辛酉月庚戌日日偏食(https://nadc.china-vo.org/eclipse/可查询),以此为时间轴,夏朝开始时间得从公元前2049往前推120年即公元前2169年,这样,将出现120年的空白带,与商朝无法连续上,值得考究!
["-2002","帝相","-1974","0"],//帝相元年 戊戌年(公元前2003年)。《竹书纪年》元年戊戌,相即位,居商丘。征伐淮夷。二十八年,寒浞派遣他儿子浇杀了相,相的妻子后缗逃回到了母族有仍氏。伯靡出奔到有鬲氏。夏世子少康出生。
//“后羿霸夏”计23年,起始时间于太康年间,太康元年公元前2018到帝相结束公元前1975共计44年,后羿霸夏23年,寒浞篡位到寒浞灭夏20年,二者合计43年,后羿霸夏应该开始于太康二年!
["-1974","寒浞","-1934","20"],//“寒浞篡夏”计40年,
//【中国先秦时期列朝列国志】寒浞二十年,寒浞灭夏。寒浞二十一年,相的妃子后缗在有仍生下了一名男孩,取名少康。寒浞六十年,少康的复国大军先后攻克了寒浞的两大封国,收复了中原地区的大部。
//推算:少康40岁复国
["-1934","少康","-1911","0"],//少康元年 丙午年(公元前1935年)。《竹书纪年》元年丙午,少康即位,诸侯来朝,礼敬虞公。二十一年,陟。
["-1911","帝抒","-1892","0"],//帝抒元年 己巳年(公元前1912年)。《竹书纪年》元年己巳,帝即位,居原。十七年,陟。
["-1892","帝芬","-1848","0"], //帝芬元年 戊子年(公元前1893年)。《竹书纪年》元年戊子,帝即位。四十四年,陟。
["-1848","帝芒","-1789","0"], //帝芒元年 壬申年(公元前1849年)。《竹书纪年》元年壬申,帝即位,以玄圭宾于河。五十八年,陟。
["-1789","帝泄","-1761","0"], //帝泄元年 辛未年(公元前1790年)。《竹书纪年》元年辛未,帝即位。二十五年,陟。
["-1761","不降","-1702","0"], //不降元年 己亥年(公元前1762年)。《竹书纪年》元年己亥,帝即位。五十九年,逊位于弟扃。
["-1702","帝扃","-1681","0"], //帝扃元年 戊戌年(公元前1703年)。《竹书纪年》元年戊戌,帝即位。十八年,陟。(三年守孝)
["-1681","胤甲","-1671","0"], //胤甲元年 己未年(公元前1682年)。《竹书纪年》帝廑,一名胤甲。元年己未,帝即位,居西河。 八年,天有妖孽,十日并出,其年陟。
["-1671","帝孔甲","-1660","0"], //帝孔甲元年 己巳年(公元前1672年)。《竹书纪年》元年乙巳,帝即位,居西河。九年,陟。//此处应该是元年己巳,帝即位,居西河。年代久远,修复时出错!
["-1660","帝皋","-1655","0"], //帝皋元年 庚辰年(公元前1661年)。《竹书纪年》元年庚辰,帝即位。三年,陟。
["-1655","帝发","-1648","0"], //帝发元年 乙酉年(公元前1656年)。《竹书纪年》元年乙酉,帝即位。七年,陟。
["-1648","夏桀","-1617","0"], //["-1648","帝癸","-1618","0"], //夏桀元年 壬辰年(公元前1649年)。《竹书纪年》一名桀。 元年壬辰,帝即位,居斟抃。夏桀31年(壬戌)//["-1648","帝癸","-1618","0"],  //《竹书纪年》一名桀。 元年壬辰,帝即位,居斟抃。夏桀31年(壬戌)


["-1617","商汤","-1605","0"],
["-1605","外丙","-1603","0"], //《竹书纪年》元年乙亥,王即位,居亳。二年,陟。
["-1603","仲壬","-1599","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年丁丑,王即位,居亳,命卿士伊尹。四年,陟。
["-1599","太甲","-1587","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年辛巳,王即位,居亳,命卿士伊尹。十二年,陟。
["-1587","沃丁","-1568","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年癸巳,王即位,居亳,命卿士咎单。十九年,陟。
["-1568","太庚","-1503","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年壬子,王即位,居亳。五年,陟。
["-1503","小甲","-1486","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年丁巳,王即位,居亳。十七年,陟。
["-1486","雍己","-1474","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年甲戌,王即位,居亳。十二年,陟。
["-1474","太戊","-1399","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年丙戌,王即位,居亳,命卿士伊陟、臣扈。七十五年,陟。
["-1399","仲丁","-1392","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年辛丑,王即位,自亳迁于嚣,于河上。九年,陟。
["-1390","外壬","-1380","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年庚戌,王即位,居嚣。十年,陟。
["-1380","河亶甲","-1371","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年庚申,王即位,自嚣迁于相。九年,陟。
["-1371","祖乙","-1352","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年己巳,王即位,自相迁于耿。十九年,陟。
["-1352","祖辛","-1338","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年戊子,王即位,居庇。十四年,陟。
["-1338","沃甲","-1333","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年壬寅,王即位,居庇。五年,陟。
["-1333","祖丁","-1324","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年丁未,王即位,居庇。九年,陟。
["-1324","南庚","-1318","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年丙辰,王即位,居庇。三年,迁于奄。六年,陟。
["-1318","阳甲","-1314","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年壬戌,王即位,居奄。三年,西征丹山戎。四年,陟。
["-1314","盘庚","-1286","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年丙寅,王即位,居奄。二十八年,陟。
["-1286","小辛","-1283","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年甲午,王即位,居殷。三年,陟。
["-1283","小乙","-1273","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年丁酉,王即位,居殷。十年,陟。
["-1273","武丁","-1214","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年丁未,王即位,居殷,命卿士甘盘。五十九年,陟。
["-1214","祖庚","-1203","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年丙午,王即位,居殷,作《高宗之训》。十一年,陟。
["-1203","祖甲","-1170","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年丁巳,王即位,居殷。三十三年,陟。
["-1170","廪辛","-1166","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年庚寅,王即位,居殷。四年,陟。
["-1166","康丁","-1158","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年甲午,王即位,居殷。八年,陟。
["-1158","武乙","-1123","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年壬寅,王即位,居殷。三十五年,周公季历伐西落鬼戎。王畋于河、渭,暴雷震死。
["-1123","文丁","-1112","0"],
["-1112","姬昌继候位","-1111","0"],
["-1111","文丁","-1110","12"],
["-1110","帝乙","-1108","0"],
["-1108","文王","-1107","0"],
["-1107","帝乙","-1101","3"],
["-1101","帝辛","-1060","0"],
["-1060","周武王","-1059","0"],
["-1059","帝辛","-1048","42"],


//西周(公元前1049-公元前771):附[西周王世推研]
西周历代帝王列表
  [来括日历]开发者吴建辉推研 今本《竹书纪年》
周武王姬发 在位3年(公元前1049-1047) 在位6年(公元前1050-1045)
周成王姬诵 在位36年(公元前1046-1011) 在位37年(公元前1044-1008)
周康王姬钊 在位25年(公元前1010-986 ) 在位26年(公元前1007-982)
周昭王姬瑕 在位24年(公元前985-962) 在位19年(公元前981-963)
周穆王姬满 在位41年(公元前961-921) 在位55年(公元前962-908)
周恭王姬繄扈 在位18年(公元前920-903) 在位12年(公元前907-896)
周懿王姬囏 在位23年(公元前902-880) 在位25年(公元前895-871)
周孝王姬辟方 在位9年(公元前879-871) 在位9年(公元前870-862)
周夷王姬燮 在位9年(公元前870-862) 在位8年(公元前861-854)
周厉王姬胡 在位20年(公元前861-842) 在位12年(公元前853-842)
共和行政 14年(公元前841-828) 14年(公元前841-828)
周宣王姬静 在位46年(公元前827-782) 在位46年(公元前827-782)
周幽王姬宫湦 在位11年(公元前781-771) 在位11年(公元前781-771)
注1:部分王世在位年数与今本《竹书纪年》记载只差1年。可能是今本《竹书纪年》在整理古书时错把虚年当成了实年!可以肯定今本《竹书纪年》是目前为止最接近历史的王世纪年,任何否定者,都是自取其辱!
注2:民间研究,成果来之不易,引用望署名[来括日历]出处!

//武王伐纣考究:相信先贤,相信干支记时!《竹书纪年》帝辛五十一年冬十一月戊子(殷正建丑,无须考虑记年调整,公元前1051年1月10日农历十一月十七日 己丑年丙子月戊子日),周师渡盟津而还(孟津观兵结束)。王囚箕子,杀王子比干,微子出奔。五十二年庚寅(帝辛五十二年庚寅年,周武王十一年),周始伐殷。秋,周师次于鲜原。冬十有二月,周师有事于上帝(注意:纪年模糊,帝辛五十三年即周武王十二年冬十有二月,作帝辛五十四年周武王十三年年初,《尚书 周书·泰誓》惟十有三年春,大会于孟津。《天亡簋》乙亥:公元前1049年 2月 16日农历 十二月 十六日壬辰年 壬寅月 乙亥日 立春,古代祭天于初一或十五,误差1天,且立春乃天干记新年第一天,同时,殷正建丑,十二月即年初)。庸、蜀、羌、髳、微、卢、彭、濮从周师伐殷(伐殷至邢丘,更名邢丘曰怀)。 《尚书.序》:“惟十有一年(帝辛五十二年庚寅年,周武王十一年),武王伐殷。《尚书 · 周书 · 武成》惟一月壬辰(公元前1049年3月4日周武王一十三年壬辰年一月初四日壬辰年壬寅月壬辰日),旁死魄(既死魄:全部背光,朔日;旁死魄,初四或初五),若翌日癸巳(公元前1049年3月5日周武王一十三年壬辰年一月初五日壬辰年壬寅月癸巳日),武王乃朝步自周,于征伐纣(注意:前面是伐殷,这里是伐纣,攻打核心地带!)。《逸周书·世俘解》:维一月丙午旁生魄(既生魄,望日;旁生魄,十八或十九)。《尚书大传》:惟丙午(公元前1049年3月18日周武王一十三年壬辰年一月十八日壬辰年 癸卯月 丙午日),王逮师,前师乃鼓薣噪,师乃慆,前歌后舞。《尚书 周书·泰誓》惟十有三年春,大会于孟津。《尚书.序》《尚书 周书·泰誓》:一月戊午(公元前1049年3月30日农历周武王一十三年一月三十日壬辰年癸卯月戊午日),师渡孟津。 《尚书·武成》:甲子昧爽,受率其旅若林,会于牧野。利簋铭文:珷(武王)征商,隹(唯)甲子朝,岁鼎(贞),克昏(闻)夙又(有)商。银雀山汉墓竹简《六韬》:甲子之日,至牧之野,禽受,(系)亓首于白。《史记·周本纪》:二月甲子昧爽,武王朝至于商郊牧野,乃誓。《逸周书·世俘解》:越若来,二月既死魄(既死魄:全部背光,朔日,公元前1049年3月31日农历周武王一十三年二月初一日壬辰年癸卯月己未日),越五日,甲子朝(牧野之战:公元前1049年4月5日农历周武王一十三年二月初六日壬辰年癸卯月甲子日),至接于商。则咸刘商王纣,执矢恶臣百人。太公望命御方来,丁卯至(公元前1049年4月8日农历二月初九日),告以馘俘。 戊辰(公元前1049年4月9日农历二月初十日),王遂御循追祀文王。时日王立政。吕他命伐越、戏、方,壬申(公元前1049年4月13日农历二月十四日)荒新至,告以馘俘。侯来命伐,靡集于陈。辛巳(公元前1049年4月22日农历二月廿三日),至,告以馘俘。甲申(公元前1049年4月25日农历二月廿六日),百唶以虎贲誓命伐卫,告以亳俘。 辛亥(公元前1049年5月22日农历三月廿四日),荐俘殷王鼎。武王乃翼,矢慓矢宪,告天宗上帝。王不革服,格于庙,秉语治庶国,籥入九终。王烈祖自太王、太伯、王季、虞公、文王、邑考以列升,维告殷罪,籥人造,王秉黄钺,正国伯。壬子(公元前1049年5月23日农历三月廿五日),王服衮衣,矢琰格庙,籥人造王,秉黄钺,正邦君。 癸丑(公元前1049年5月24日农历三月廿六日),荐殷俘王士百人。籥人造王矢琰、秉黄钺、执戈王奏庸,大享一终,王拜手,稽首。王定奏庸,大享三终。甲寅(公元前1049年5月25日农历三月廿七日),谒戎殷于牧野,王佩赤白畤,籥人奏,武王入,进万献。明明三终。 乙卯(公元前1049年5月26日农历三月廿八日),籥人奏崇禹生开三终,王定。庚子(公元前1049年7月10日农历五月十四日),陈本命,伐磨百韦,命伐宣方、新荒,命伐蜀。乙巳(公元前1049年7月15日农历五月十九日),陈本命新荒蜀磨,至告禽霍侯、艾侯,俘佚侯,小臣四十有六,禽御八百有三百两,告以馘俘。百谓至,告以禽宣方,禽御三十两,告以馘俘百韦,命伐厉,告以馘俘。武王狩,禽虎二十有二,猫二,糜五千二百三十五,犀十有二,氂七百二十有一熊百五十有一,罴百一十有八,豕三百五十有二,貉十有八,麈十有六,麝五十,糜三十,鹿三千五百有八。武王遂征四方,凡憝国九十有九国,馘磨亿有十万七千七百七十有九,俘人三亿万有二百三十。凡服国六百五十有二。 时四月(此处出错,公元前1049年7月20日农历五月廿四日丁未月庚戌日与上一日期不符合越六日,应为七月),既旁生魄(旁生魄,十八或十九,既旁生魄,二十或廿一,公元前1049年9月12日农历七月二十日壬辰年戊申月甲辰日),越六日,庚戌(公元前1049年9月18日农历七月廿六日壬辰年戊申月庚戌日),武王朝,至燎于周,维予冲子绥文。武王降自车,乃俾史佚繇书于天号。武王乃废于纣矢恶臣人百人,伐右厥甲孝子鼎大师。伐厥四十夫,家君、鼎帅、司徒、司马,初厥于郊号。武王乃夹于南门,用俘,皆施佩衣,衣先馘入。武王在祀,太师负商王纣,县首白畤,乃以先馘入燎于周庙。 若翼日辛亥(公元前1049年9月19日农历七月廿七日),祀于位,用籥于天位。越五日乙卯(公元前1049年9月23日农历八月初一日,古代祭祀均于初一或十五,验证推算正确),武王乃以庶祀馘于国周庙,翼予冲子,断牛六,断羊二。庶国乃竟,告于周庙,曰:“古朕闻文考修商人典,以斩纣身,告于天于稷。用小牲羊犬豕于百神水土、于誓社。”曰:“惟予冲子,绥文考,至于冲子,用牛于天、于稷,五百有四,用小牲羊豕于百神水土社三千七百有一。”
//验证:《天亡簋》铭文:乙亥(公元前1049年 2月 16日农历 十二月 十六日壬辰年 壬寅月 乙亥日 立春,古代祭天于初一或十五,误差1天,且立春乃天干记新年第一天),王又(有)大丰(礼)。王凡三方,王祀于天室。降,天亡又(佑)王。衣(殷)祀于王丕显考文王,事喜(傣)上帝。文王德在上,丕显王作省,丕肆王作赓。丕克乞(迄)衣(殷)王祀。丁丑,王飨大宜。王降。亡得爵复觵。唯朕又(有)蔑,每(敏)扬王休于尊簋。
["-1048","周武王","-1046","12"],
["-1046","周成王","-1009","0"],//周成王在位36年,虚年37年//《竹书纪年》记载37年//《周书·召诰》惟二月既望(公元前1041年 3月 19日农历 闰正月 十七日庚子年 己卯月 己丑日),越六日乙未(公元前1041年 3月 25日农历 闰正月 廿三日 庚子年 己卯月 乙未日),王朝步自周,则至于丰。惟太保先周公相宅。越若来三月,惟丙午朏(公元前1041年 4月 5日农历 二月 初五日庚子年 己卯月 丙午日 闰正月)。越三日戊申,太保朝至于洛,卜宅。《何尊》铭文:唯王初堙(迁)宅于成周,复禀武王礼福自天。在四月丙戌,王诰宗小子于京室曰:“昔在尔考公氏,克逑(仇)文王,肆文王受兹大命。唯武王既克大邑商,则廷告于天,曰:‘余其宅兹中或(国),自之乂民。’呜呼,尔有唯小子亡识,视于公氏,有庸于天,彻命敬享哉!助王恭德欲天,临我不敏。”王咸诰何,赐贝卅朋,用作□公宝尊彝。唯王五祀。”公元前1036年 6月 18日农历 闰四月 十五日乙巳年 辛巳月 丙戌日 (古代祭天于初一或十五) 周公执政第7年返政,成王执政第五年(注意:唯王五祀,即成王执政第五年,周成王11年)
["-1009","周康王","-984","0"],//["-1006","周康王","-980","0"],//周康王在位25年//《竹书纪年》记载26年(误差+1)//《周书·顾命》成王将崩,命召公、毕公率诸侯相康王,作《顾命》。惟四月,哉生魄,王不怿。甲子,王乃洮□水。四月哉生魄:公元前1011年 6月 30日农历 五月 初三日庚午年 壬午月 己酉日 甲子: 公元前1011年 7月 15日农历 五月 十八日庚午年 壬午月 甲子日 成王崩日公元前1011年,第二年公元前1010年周康王元年 //《周书·毕命》康王命作册毕,分居里,成周郊,作《毕命》。惟十有二年,六月庚午,朏。越三日壬申,王朝步自宗周,至于丰。以成周之众,命毕公保厘东郊。 公元前999年 7月 18日农历 六月 初五日壬午年 丙午月 庚午日 元年:公元前1010年 (大于34,成王在位37虚年)
["-984","周昭王","-960","0"],//周昭王在位24年//《竹书纪年》记载19年(误差-5)/
["-960","周穆王","-919","0"],//周穆王在位41年//《竹书纪年》记载55年(误差+14年)//《鲜簋》铭文:唯王卅又四祀,唯五月既望戊午,王在丰京,禘于邵王。 公元前927年 8月 17日农历 六月 廿一日甲午年 辛未月 戊午日 元年:公元前961年(周穆王) 唯王卅又四祀==王年35年 《段簋》銘文:唯王十又四祀,十又一月丁卯,王匕鼎畢烝。戊辰,曾(赠)。王蔑段曆,念畢中(仲)孙子,令(命)龚戈丮馈大则于段,敢对扬休,用乍(作)簋,孙孙子子万年用享祀。孙子日又引。 公元前948年 12月 14日农历 十一月 初一日癸酉年 癸亥月 丁卯日(古代祭天于初一或十五) 元年:公元前961年  唯王十又四祀== 唯王15年。周正建子,故十一月作年首。 《鲜簋》《段簋》王年数=祀年数+1,《古本竹书纪年》(周昭王末年,夜清,五色光貫紫微。其年,王南巡不返)称周昭王末年,而不称周昭王多少年,则周穆王当年改元,即周昭王末年乃周穆王元年。
["-919","周恭王","-901","0"],//周恭王在位18年//《竹书纪年》记载12年(误差-6年)//《十五年趞曹鼎》铭文:“唯十又五年五月既生霸壬午,龚(共)王在周新宫(由此推测周恭王或周懿王年代)”。 公元前906年 7月 22日农历 六月 十六日乙卯年 癸未月 壬午日 元年:公元前920年 
["-901","周懿王","-878","0"],//["-894","周懿王","-869","0"],//周懿王在位23年//《竹书纪年》记载25年(误差-2年)//《裘卫盉》铭文:隹( 唯)三年三月,既生霸壬寅(干支序数39),王爯旂于豊,矩白庶人取瑾璋于裘卫。才(裁)八十朋,厥贮,其舎田十田。矩或取赤虎(琥)两、两鞈(韦合)一,才(裁)廿朋。其舍田三田。裘卫乃雉(矢)告于伯邑父,荣伯,定伯,亮伯,单伯,乃令(命)参(三)有司,司徒,微邑,司马单舆,司工(空)邑人,服遝受田。燹、(走甫)、卫小子瑶逆者(诸)其卿(飨),卫用作朕文考惠孟宝盘,卫其万年永宝用。 公元前900年5月 11日农历 三月 十一日辛酉年 壬辰月 壬寅日 元年:公元前902年(周懿王)
["-878","周孝王","-869","0"],//["-869","周孝王","-860","0"],//周孝王在位9年//《竹书纪年》记载9年//《王臣簋》銘文:隹(唯)二年三月初吉庚寅,王各(格)于大(太)室,(益)公入右(佑)王臣,即立(中)廷,北鄉(嚮),乎(呼)内史(敖)冊命王臣:易女(錫汝)朱黃(衡)、親(賁襯)、幺(玄)衣黹屯(純)、?(鑾)旂五日、戈(畫)、必(厚柲)、彤沙(緌),用事。王臣手?(拜稽)首,不?(丕敢)顯天子對(揚)休,用乍(作朕)文考易中(仲尊簋),王臣(其)永寶用。 公元前878年 5月 4日农历 三月 初五日癸未年 丙辰月 庚寅日 元年:公元前879年 //《今本竹书纪年》记载:周孝王在位9年
["-869","周夷王","-860","0"],//["-860","周夷王","-852","0"],//周夷王在位9年//《竹书纪年》记载8年(误差-1)//《师询簋》銘文:王若曰:师询,丕显文、武,膺受天命,亦则於汝乃圣祖考,克辅佑先王,作厥肱股,用夹紹厥辟,奠大命,盩和于政,肆皇帝亡斁,临保我有周雩四方,民亡不康靖。王曰:师询,哀哉,今日天疾威降喪,首德不克規(或尽),故亡承(或拯)于先王,向汝彶屯恤周邦,绥立余小子,恤厥事,隹王□身厚,今余唯申就乃命,命汝惠雍我邦小大猷邦,佑潢辟,敬明乃心,率以乃友捍御王身。欲汝弗以乃辟陷于艰,锡汝秬鬯一卣、圭瓒、夷狁三百人,询拜稽首,敢对扬天子休,用作朕烈祖乙伯、同益姬宝簋,询其万斯年,子子孙孙永宝。用作州宮宝,唯元年二月既望庚寅,王格于太室,荣内右询。 公元前870年 3月 23日农历 闰正月 廿一日辛卯年 辛卯月 庚寅日 元年:公元前870年 //《史记》《今本竹书纪年》记载:周夷王在位8年
["-860","周厉王","-840","0"],//["-852","周厉王","-826","0"],//周厉王在位20年+共和行政14年,合计34年//《竹书纪年》记载26年(误差-8年)//《此鼎、此簋》铭文:“唯十又七年十又二月既生霸乙卯,王在周康宫夷宫”。公元前845年 2月 5日农历 十二月 十一日乙卯年 己丑月 乙卯日 元年:公元前861年(周厉王)
["-840","共和行政","-839","0"],
["-839","周厉王","-826","26"],
["-826","周宣王静","-781","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年甲戌春正月,王即位,周定公、召穆公辅政。四十六年,王陟。//《克盨》铭文:“唯十又八年十又二月初吉庚寅,王在周康烈宫(周康厉宫)。”公元前810年 1月 7日农历 十一月 初九日庚寅年 戊子月 庚寅日 本年闰六月 推断元年公元前827年
["-781","周幽王宫涅","-769","0"],//《竹书纪年》元年庚申春正月,王即位。十一年春正月,日晕。申人、鄫人及犬戎入宗周,弑王及郑桓公。犬戎杀王子伯服,执褒姒以归。申侯、鲁侯、许男、郑子立宜臼于申,虢公翰立王子余臣于携(是为携王,二王并立)。武王灭殷,岁在庚寅。二十四年,岁在甲寅,定鼎洛邑,至幽王二百五十七年,共二百八十一年。自武王元年己卯至幽王庚午,二百九十二年。
//["-769","周平王","-718","0"],
["-769","周平王","-721","0"],//["-769","周平王","-718","0"],//《竹书纪年》自东迁以后始纪晋事,王即位皆不书。元年辛未,王东徙洛邑。锡文侯命。晋侯会卫侯、郑伯、秦伯,以师从王入于成周。五十一年春二月乙巳,日有食之。三月庚戌,王陟。
//["-718","桓王","-695","0"],//《竹书纪年》桓王(名林)元年壬戌十月,庄伯以曲沃叛,伐翼,公子万救翼,荀叔轸追之,至于家谷。二十三年三月乙未,王陟。
//庄王(名佗)元年乙酉,曲沃尚一军,异于晋。六年五月,葬桓王。十五年,王陟。

["-721","鲁隐公","-710","0"],["-710","鲁桓公","-692","0"],["-692","鲁庄公","-660","0"],["-660","鲁闵公","-658","0"],["-658","鲁僖公","-625","0"],["-625","鲁文公","-607","0"],["-607","鲁宣公","-589","0"],["-589","鲁成公","-571","0"],["-571","鲁襄公","-540","0"],["-540","鲁昭公","-508","0"],["-508","鲁定公","-493","0"],["-493","鲁哀公","-479","0"],

["-475","周元王","-467","0"],["-467","周贞定王","-439","0"],["-439","周考哲王","-424","0"],["-424","周威烈王","-400","0"],["-400","周元安王","-374","0"],["-374","周夷烈王","-367","0"],["-367","周显圣王","-319","0"],["-319","周慎靓王","-313","0"],["-313","周赧王","-254","0"],

["-220","秦始皇","-208","25"],
["-208","秦二世","-205","0"],["-205","汉高祖","-193","0"],["-193","汉惠帝","-186","0"],["-186","汉高后","-178","0"],["-178","汉文帝前元","-162","0"],["-162","汉文帝后元","-155","0"],["-155","汉景帝前元","-148","0"],["-148","汉景帝中元","-142","0"],["-142","汉景帝后元","-139","0"],["-139","汉武帝建元","-133","0"],["-133","汉武帝元光","-127","0"],["-127","汉武帝元朔","-121","0"],["-121","汉武帝元狩","-115","0"],["-115","汉武帝元鼎","-109","0"],["-109","汉武帝元封","-103","0"],["-103","汉武帝太初","-99","0"],["-99","汉武帝天汉","-95","0"],["-95","汉武帝太始","-91","0"],["-91","汉武帝征和","-87","0"],["-87","汉武帝后元","-85","0"],["-85","汉昭帝始元","-79","0"],["-79","汉昭帝元凤","-73","0"],["-73","汉昭帝元平","-72","0"],["-72","汉宣帝本始","-68","0"],["-68","汉宣帝地节","-64","0"],["-64","汉宣帝元康","-60","0"],["-60","汉宣帝神爵","-56","0"],["-56","汉宣帝五凤","-52","0"],["-52","汉宣帝甘露","-48","0"],["-48","汉宣帝黄龙","-47","0"],["-47","汉元帝初元","-42","0"],["-42","汉元帝永光","-37","0"],["-37","汉元帝建昭","-32","0"],["-32","汉元帝竟宁","-31","0"],["-31","汉成帝建始","-27","0"],["-27","汉成帝河平","-23","0"],["-23","汉成帝阳朔","-19","0"],["-19","汉成帝鸿嘉","-15","0"],["-15","汉成帝永始","-11","0"],["-11","汉成帝元延","-7","0"],["-7","汉成帝绥和","-5","0"],["-5","汉哀帝建平","-1","0"],["-1","汉哀帝元寿","1","0"],["1","汉平帝元始","6","0"],["6","汉居摄","9","0"],["9","新始建国","14","0"],["14","新天凤","20","0"],["20","新地皇","23","0"],["23","汉更始","25","0"],

["25","汉光武帝建武","56","0"],["56","汉光武帝建武中元","58","0"],["58","汉明帝永平","76","0"],["76","汉章帝建初","84","0"],["84","汉章帝元和","87","0"],["87","汉章帝章和","89","0"],["89","汉和帝永元","105","0"],["105","汉和帝永元十七年/元兴","106","0"],["106","汉殇帝延平","107","0"],["107","汉安帝永初","114","0"],["114","汉安帝元初","120","0"],["120","汉安帝元初七年/永宁","121","0"],["121","汉安帝永宁二年/建光","122","0"],["122","汉安帝延光","126","0"],["126","汉顺帝永建","132","0"],["132","汉顺帝阳嘉","136","0"],["136","汉顺帝永和","142","0"],["142","汉顺帝汉安","144","0"],["144","汉顺帝汉安三年/建康","145","0"],["145","汉冲帝永嘉","146","0"],["146","汉质帝本初","147","0"],["147","汉桓帝建和","150","0"],["150","汉桓帝和平","151","0"],["151","汉桓帝元嘉","153","0"],["153","汉桓帝永兴","155","0"],["155","汉桓帝永寿","158","0"],["158","汉桓帝延熹","167","0"],["167","汉桓帝延熹十年/永康","168","0"],["168","汉灵帝建宁","172","0"],["172","汉灵帝熹平","178","0"],["178","汉灵帝光和","184","0"],["184","汉灵帝中平","190","0"],["190","汉献帝初平","194","0"],["194","汉献帝兴平","196","0"],["196","汉献帝建安","220","0"],

["220","魏文帝黄初","227","0"],["227","魏明帝太和","233","0"],["233","魏明帝青龙","238","0"],["238","魏明帝景初","240","0"],["240","魏正始","249","0"],["249","魏嘉平","254","0"],["254","魏正元","256","0"],["256","魏甘露","260","0"],["260","魏元帝景元","265","0"],

["265","晋武帝泰始","275","0"],["275","晋武帝咸宁","280","0"],["280","晋武帝太康","290","0"],["290","晋武帝太熙/惠帝永熙","291","0"],["291","晋惠帝元康","300","0"],["300","晋惠帝永康","301","0"],["301","晋惠帝永康二年/永宁","302","0"],["302","晋惠帝太安","304","0"],["304","晋惠帝永兴","306","0"],["306","晋惠帝永兴三年/光熙","307","0"],["307","晋愍帝永嘉","313","0"],["313","晋愍帝建兴","317","0"],["317","晋愍帝建兴五年/元帝建武","318","0"],["318","晋元帝大兴","322","0"],["322","晋元帝永昌","323","0"],["323","晋明帝太宁","326","0"],["326","晋成帝咸和","335","0"],["335","晋成帝咸康","343","0"],["343","晋康帝建元","345","0"],["345","晋穆帝永和","357","0"],["357","晋穆帝升平","362","0"],["362","晋哀帝隆和","363","0"],["363","晋哀帝兴宁","366","0"],["366","晋废帝太和","371","0"],["371","晋简文帝咸安","373","0"],["373","晋孝武帝宁康","376","0"],["376","晋孝武帝太元","397","0"],["397","晋安帝隆安","402","0"],["402","晋安帝元兴","405","0"],["405","晋安帝义熙","419","0"],["419","晋恭帝元熙","420","0"],

 

["420","宋武帝永初","423","0"],["423","宋少帝景平","424","0"],["424","宋文帝元嘉","454","0"],["454","宋孝武帝孝建","457","0"],["457","宋孝武帝大明","465","0"],["465","宋明帝泰始","472","0"],["472","宋明帝泰豫","473","0"],["473","宋元徽","477","0"],["477","宋顺帝升明","479","0"],["479","齐高帝建元","483","0"],["483","齐武帝永明","494","0"],["494","齐明帝建武","498","0"],["498","齐明帝建武五年/永泰","499","0"],["499","齐永元","501","0"],["501","齐永元三年/中兴","502","0"],["502","梁武帝天监","520","0"],["520","梁武帝普通","527","0"],["527","梁武帝大通","529","0"],["529","梁武帝中大通","535","0"],["535","梁武帝大同","546","0"],["546","梁武帝大同十二年/中大同","547","0"],["547","梁武帝太清","550","0"],["550","梁简文帝大宝","552","0"],["552","梁元帝承圣","555","0"],["555","梁元帝承圣四年/闵帝天成/敬帝绍泰","556","0"],["556","梁敬帝绍泰二年/太平","557","0"],["557","陈武帝永定","560","0"],["560","陈文帝天嘉","566","0"],["566","陈文帝天嘉七年/天康","567","0"],["567","陈伯宗光大","569","0"],
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?2022  [来括]@版权所有
网址: 日历.来括.中国